Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course PDF Free Download

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Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course presents a current and comprehensive examination of human behavior across time using a multidimensional framework. Author Elizabeth D. Hutchison explores both the predictable and unpredictable changes that can affect human behavior through all the major developmental stages of the life course, from conception to very late adulthood. Aligned with the 2015 curriculum guidelines set forth by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE), the Sixth Edition has been substantially updated with contemporary issues related to gender and sexuality, race and ethnicity, and social class and disability across the lifespan.

 

Table of contents

Case Studies
Preface
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1 A Life Course Perspective
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 1.1: The Suarez Family After September 11, 2001
• Case Study 1.2: Michael Bowling, Swallowing His Pride
• Case Study 1.3: Phoung Le, Serving Family and Community
The Life Course Perspective and Social Work Practice
Theoretical Roots of the Life Course Perspective
Basic Concepts of the Life Course Perspective
Cohorts
Transitions
Trajectories
Life Events
Turning Points
Major Themes of the Life Course Perspective
Interplay of Human Lives and Historical Time
Timing of Lives
Dimensions of Age
Standardization in the Timing of Lives
Linked or Interdependent Lives
Links With Family Members
Links With the Wider World
Human Agency in Making Choices
Diversity in Life Course Trajectories
Developmental Risk and Protection
Strengths and Limitations of the Life Course Perspective
Integration With a Multidimensional, Multitheoretical Approach
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 2 Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 2.1: Jennifer Bradshaw’s Experience With Infertility
• Case Study 2.2: Cecelia Kin’s Struggle With the Options
• Case Study 2.3: The Thompsons’ Premature Birth
Sociocultural Organization of Childbearing
Conception and Pregnancy in Context
Childbirth in Context
Childbirth Education
Place of Childbirth
Who Assists Childbirth
Reproductive Genetics
Genetic Mechanisms
Genetic Counseling
Control over Conception and Pregnancy
Contraception
Induced Abortion
Infertility Treatment
Fetal Development
First Trimester
Fertilization and the Embryonic Period
The Fetal Period
Second Trimester
Third Trimester
Labor and Delivery of the Neonate
Pregnancy and the Life Course
At-Risk Newborns
Prematurity and Low Birth Weight
Newborn Intensive Care
Major Congenital Anomalies
Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth Under Different Circumstances
Substance-Abusing Pregnant Women
Pregnant Women With Eating Disorders
Pregnant Women With Disabilities
Incarcerated Pregnant Women
HIV-Infected Pregnant Women
Pregnant Transmen
Risk and Protective Factors in Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 3 Infancy and Toddlerhood
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 3.1: Holly’s Early Arrival
• Case Study 3.2: Sarah’s Teen Dad
• Case Study 3.3: Overprotecting Henry
Developmental Niche and Typical Infant and Toddler Development
Physical Development
Growth Patterns
Self-Regulation
Sensory Abilities
Reflexes
Motor Skills
The Growing Brain
Vaccinations
Cognitive Development
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
Information Processing Theory
Language Development
Socioemotional Development
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development
Emotion Regulation
Temperament
Attachment
Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment
Ainsworth’s Theory of Attachment
Attachment and Brain Development
The Role of Play
Developmental Disruptions
Childcare Arrangements in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Parental Leave
Paid Childcare
Infants and Toddlers in the Multigenerational Family
Risks to Healthy Infant and Toddler Development
Poverty
Inadequate Caregiving
Child Maltreatment and Trauma
Protective Factors in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Maternal Education
Social Support
Easy Temperament
National and State Policy
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 4 Early Childhood
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 4.1: Terri’s Terrible Temper
• Case Study 4.2: Jack’s Name Change
• Case Study 4.3: A New Role for Ron and Rosiland’s Grandmother
Typical Development in Early Childhood
Physical Development
Cognitive and Language Development
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Perspective
Information Processing Theory
Theory of Mind
Language Skills
Moral Development
Understanding Moral Development
Helping Young Children Develop Morally
Personality and Emotional Development
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development
Emotions
Aggression
Attachment
Social Development
Peer Relations
Self-Concept
Gender Role Development
Racial and Ethnic Identity
The Role of Play
Play as an Opportunity to Explore Reality
Play’s Contribution to Cognitive Development
Play as Practice for Morality
Play as an Opportunity to Gain Control
Play as a Shared Experience
Play as the Route to Attachment to Fathers
Developmental Delays and Disabilities
Early Childhood Education
Early Childhood in the Multigenerational Family
Risks to Healthy Development in Early Childhood
Poverty
Homelessness
Ineffective Discipline
Divorce and Parental Relationship Dissolution
Violence
Community Violence
Domestic Violence
Child Maltreatment
Protective Factors in Early Childhood
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 5 Middle Childhood
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 5.1: Anthony’s Impending Assessment
• Case Study 5.2: Jasmine’s Headaches
• Case Study 5.3: Gabriela’s New Life
Historical Perspective on Middle Childhood
Middle Childhood in the Multigenerational Family
Development in Middle Childhood
Physical Development
Cognitive Development
Cultural Identity Development
Emotional Development
Social Development
The Peer Group
Friendship and Intimacy
Team Play
Gender Identity and Gender Roles
Technology and Social Development
Spiritual Development
Middle Childhood and Formal Schooling
Special Challenges in Middle Childhood
Poverty
Family and Community Violence
Physical, Cognitive, Emotional, and Behavioral Challenges
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Emotional/Behavioral Disorder
Family Disruption
Risk Factors and Protective Factors in Middle Childhood
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 6 Adolescence
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 6.1: David’s Coming-Out Process
• Case Study 6.2: Carl’s Struggle for Identity
• Case Study 6.3: Monica’s Quest for Mastery
The Social Construction of Adolescence Across Time and Space
The Transition From Childhood to Adulthood
Biological Aspects of Adolescence
Puberty
The Adolescent Brain
Nutrition, Exercise, and Sleep
Psychological Aspects of Adolescence
Psychological Reactions to Biological Changes
Changes in Cognition
Identity Development
Theories of Self and Identity
Gender Identity
Cultural Identity
Social Aspects of Adolescence
Relationships With Family
Relationships With Peers
Romantic Relationships
Relationships With Organizations, Communities, and Institutions
School
The Broader Community
Work
Technology
Adolescent Spirituality/Religiosity
Adolescent Sexuality
Sexual Decision Making
Sexual Orientation
Pregnancy and Childbearing
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Potential Challenges to Adolescent Development
Substance Use and Abuse
Juvenile Delinquency
Bullying
School-to-Prison Pipeline
Community Violence
Dating Violence and Statutory Rape
Poverty and Low Educational Attainment
Obesity and Eating Disorders
Depression and Suicide
Social Work Grand Challenge: Ensure Healthy Development for All Youth
Risk Factors and Protective Factors in Adolescence
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 7 Young Adulthood
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 7.1: Caroline Sanders as a Transgender Young Adult
• Case Study 7.2: Sheila Henderson’s Long-Awaited Family Reunification
• Case Study 7.3: Jonathan Stuart and Kai Hale as Older Parents of Twins
A Definition of Young Adulthood
Theoretical Approaches to Young Adulthood
Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory
Levinson’s Theory of Life Structure
Arnett’s Emerging Adulthood
Cultural and Social Class Variations
Multigenerational Concerns
Physical Functioning in Young Adulthood
The Psychological Self
Cognitive Development
Spiritual Development
Identity Development
Social Development and Social Functioning
Relationship Development in Young Adulthood
Romantic Relationships
Parenthood
Mentoring and Volunteering
Young Adults and Technology
Work and the Labor Market
Risk Factors and Protective Factors in Young Adulthood
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 8 Middle Adulthood
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 8.1: Mark Raslin, Finding Stability at 42
• Case Study 8.2: Lisa Balinski, Trying to Balance It All at 50
• Case Study 8.3: Maha Ahmed, Struggling to Find Meaning and Purpose at 57
The Changing Social Construction of Middle Adulthood
Changing Age Demographics
A Definition of Middle Adulthood
Culture and the Construction of Middle Adulthood
Theories of Middle Adulthood
Erikson’s Theory of Generativity
Jung’s and Levinson’s Theories of Finding Balance
Life Span Theory and the Gain-Loss Balance
Biological Changes and Physical and Mental Health in Middle Adulthood
Changes in the Reproductive System and Sexuality
Changes in the Brain
Changes in Health Status
Intellectual Changes in Middle Adulthood
Personality Changes in Middle Adulthood
Trait Approach
Human Agency Approach
Life Narrative Approach
Spiritual Development in Middle Adulthood
Relationships in Middle Adulthood
Middle Adulthood in the Context of the Multigenerational Family
Relationships With Spouse or Partner
Relationships With Children
Relationships With Parents
Other Family Relationships
Relationships With Friends
Work in Middle Adulthood
Risk Factors and Protective Factors in Middle Adulthood
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 9 Late Adulthood
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 9.1: The Smiths in Early Retirement
• Case Study 9.2: Ms. Ruby Johnson, Caretaker for 3 Generations
• Case Study 9.3: Joseph and Elizabeth Menzel, a German Couple
Demographics of the Older Population
Diversity of the Late-Adult Population
Cultural Construction of Late Adulthood
Psychosocial Theoretical Perspectives on Social Gerontology
Biological Changes in Late Adulthood
Health and Longevity
Age-Related Changes in Physiology
The Aging Brain and Neurodegenerative Diseases
Dementia
Alzheimer’s Disease
Parkinson’s Disease
Psychological Changes in Late Adulthood
Personality Changes
Intellectual Changes, Learning, and Memory
Mental Health and Mental Disorders
Social Role Transitions and Life Events of Late Adulthood
Families in Later Life
Grandparenthood
Work and Retirement
Caregiving and Care Receiving
Widowhood
Institutionalization
The Search for Personal Meaning
Resources for Meeting the Needs of Elderly Persons
Informal Resources
Formal Resources
Technology and the Late-Adult Population
Risk Factors and Protective Factors in Late Adulthood
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
Chapter 10 Very Late Adulthood
Chapter Outline
Learning Objectives
• Case Study 10.1: Margaret Davis Stays at Home
• Case Study 10.2: Pete Mullin Loses His Sister’s Support
• Case Study 10.3: Marie Cipriani Is Losing Her Life Partner
Very Late Adulthood: Charting New Territory
Very Late Adulthood in Historical and Cultural Perspective
What We Can Learn From Centenarians
Functional Capacity in Very Late Adulthood
Relationships in Very Late Adulthood
Relationships With Family and Friends
Intimacy and Sexuality in Very Late Adulthood
Relationships With Organizations and Community
The Use of Technology
The Housing Continuum
Spirituality in Very Late Adulthood
The Dying Process
Advance Directives
Care of People Who Are Dying
End-of-Life Signs and Symptoms
Loss, Grief, and Bereavement
Theories and Models of Loss
Culture and Bereavement
The Life Course Completed
Implications for Social Work Practice
Key Terms
Active Learning
Web Resources
References
Glossary
Index
About the Author
About the Contributors

Product information

Publisher‏:‎SAGE Publications, Inc; 6th edition (October 15, 2018)
Language‏:‎English
Paperback‏:‎536 pages
ISBN-10‏:‎1544339348
ISBN-13‏:‎978-1544339344
Item Weight‏:‎2.35 pounds
Dimensions‏:‎8 x 1.21 x 10 inches
1544339348

 

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