[PDF] Laboratory Procedures for Veterinary Technicians 7th Edition Free Download

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Ensure you’re at your clinical best! Laboratory Procedures for Veterinary Technicians, 7th Edition covers the broad spectrum of laboratory procedures that veterinary technicians need to perform effectively in the practice setting. Comprehensive content presents the fundamentals of microbiology, hematology, urinalysis, immunology, and cytology, along with the laboratory procedures used to perform the most widely used tests such as complete blood count, urinalysis, and immunologic assays. This thoroughly updated edition includes an expanded Quality Control and Record Keeping chapter along with the latest advances in veterinary clinical procedures to prepare you for real-life laboratory work.

Comprehensive coverage gives you a solid foundation in the fundamentals of microbiology, hematology, urinalysis, immunology, and cytology, along with the laboratory procedures used to perform related tests.
Provides the latest information needed to successfully perform a broad spectrum of laboratory tests, including complete blood count, urinalysis, and immunologic assays.
Step-by-step procedure boxes offer quick access to the skills you must perform during your educational program, as well as procedures that are commonly performed by vet techs in private practice.
A comprehensive glossary of terms at the end of the text offers accurate, concise definitions.
Vet Tech Threads provide you with introductions, suggested readings, boxed technician notes, learning objectives, chapter outlines, key terms, and a glossary for easy navigation through chapters and more focused learning.
NEW! Completely updated content throughout reflects the latest advances in veterinary clinical laboratory procedures for improved patient service and higher practice revenue.
NEW! Thoroughly updated and expanded Quality Control and Record Keeping chapter ensures you have the most current information in this vital area.
UPDATED! Immunology section includes the latest information in this fast-growing veterinary technology area.

Table of contents

Front Cover
Inside Front Cover
Laboratory Procedures for Veterinary Technicians
Copyright Page
Dedication
Contributors
Preface
Acknowledgments
Table Of Contents
Unit 1 The Veterinary Practice Laboratory
1 Safety Concerns and OSHA Standards
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Hazard Control
OSHA Standards
Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories Standard
The Hazard Communication Standard
Container Labeling
The Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
Other Potentially Infectious Materials
The Personal Protective Equipment Standard
Biosafety Hazard Considerations
Biosafety Level I
Biosafety Level II
Biosafety Level III
Biosafety Level IV
Shipping Hazardous Materials
Laboratory Design
General Considerations
Sink
Storage Space
Electrical Supply
Internet Access
Review Questions
Key Points
2 General Laboratory Equipment
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Test Tubes
Centrifuge
Refractometer
Care and Maintenance
Pipettes
Temperature-Controlling Equipment
Incubators
Refrigerators
Water Baths and Heat Blocks
Automated Analyzers
Miscellaneous Equipment and Supplies
Review Questions
Key Points
3 The Microscope
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Care and Maintenance
Calibration of the Microscope
Digital Microscopy
Capturing Digital Images
Resolution
Types of Systems
Quality
Review Questions
Key Points
4 The Metric System and Lab Calculations
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Numbering Systems
The Metric System
The International System of Units
Dilutions
Scientific Notation
pH and Logarithms
Temperature Conversions
Points of Equivalence
Review Questions
Key Points
5 Quality Control and Record Keeping
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Accuracy, Precision, and Reliability
Analysis of Control Materials
Errors
Preanalytic Variables
Analytic Variables
Applied Quality Control
Laboratory Records
Internal Records
External Records
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 2 Hematology
6 Hematopoiesis
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Hematopoiesis
Erythropoiesis
Thrombopoiesis
Granulopoiesis
Monopoiesis
Lymphopoiesis
Definitions
Review Questions
Key Points
7 Sample Collection and Handling
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Collection and Handling of Blood Samples
Collection Equipment
Whole Blood
Plasma and Serum
Anticoagulants
Heparin
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid
Oxalates and Citrates
Sodium Fluoride
Sample Volume
Collection Procedure
Order of Draw
Review Questions
Key Points
8 Automated Analyzers
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Cell Counts
Types of Hematology Instruments
Impedance Analyzers
Quantitative Buffy Coat System
Laser-Based Flow Cytometer Analyzers
Histograms
Manual Cell Counts
Review Questions
Key Points
9 Hemoglobin, PCV, and Erythrocyte Indices
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Packed Cell Volume
Significance of Packed Cell Volume Test Results
Plasma Protein Concentration
Hemoglobin Testing
Erythrocyte Indices
Mean Corpuscular Volume
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration
Review Questions
Key Points
10 Evaluating the Blood Smear
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Preparation of Blood Smears
Staining Blood Smears
Performing the Differential Cell Count
Absolute Values
White Blood Cells
Morphologic Features of Mammalian Leukocytes in the Peripheral Blood
Neutrophil.
Band neutrophil.
Eosinophil.
Basophil.
Lymphocyte.
Monocyte.
Morphology of Normal Erythrocytes in the Peripheral Blood
Platelet Estimate
Review Questions
Key Points
11 Morphologic Abnormalities of Blood Cells
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Quantifying Morphologic Changes
Morphologic Abnormalities Seen in White Blood Cells
Nuclear Hyposegmentation
Nuclear Hypersegmentation
Toxic Change
Intracytoplasmic Inclusions in Infectious Diseases
Atypical and Reactive Lymphocytes
Lysosomal Storage Disorders
Birman Cat Neutrophil Granulation Anomaly
Chédiak-Higashi Syndrome
Siderotic Granules
Smudge Cells
Karyolysis, Pyknosis, and Karyorrhexis
Morphologic Abnormalities Seen in Red Blood Cells
Variations in Cell Arrangement
Rouleaux
Autoagglutination
Variations in Cell Size
Anisocytosis
Variations in Cell Color
Polychromasia
Hypochromasia
Hyperchromatophilic
Variations in Cell Shape
Poikilocytes
Schistocytes
Acanthocytes
Echinocytes
Drepanocytes
Keratocytes
Spherocytes
Leptocytes
Elliptocytes (Ovalocytes)
Eccentrocytes
Dacryocytes
Inclusions
Basophilic Stippling
Howell-Jolly Bodies
Heinz Bodies
Nucleated Erythrocytes
Parasites
Review Questions
Key Points
12 Additional Hematologic Tests
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Reticulocyte Count
Bone Marrow Evaluation
Collection of Bone Marrow Samples
Aspiration Biopsy
Core Biopsy
Preparing Marrow Smears
Evaluation of Bone Marrow Smears
Cells in Bone Marrow
Reporting of Results
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Erythrocyte Osmotic Fragility
Review Questions
Key Points
13 Hematopoietic Disorders and Classification of Anemia
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Disorders of the Bone Marrow
Neoplasia
Classification of Anemia
Classification by Bone Marrow Response
Classification by Red Blood Cell Size and Hemoglobin Concentration
Classification by Etiology
Hemolytic
Hemorrhagic
Iron Deficiency
Production Disorders
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 3 Hemostasis
14 Principles of Blood Coagulation
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Overview of Blood Coagulation
Coagulation Testing
Review Questions
Key Points
15 Sample Collection and Handling
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Sample Collection and Handling
Coagulation Instrumentation
Coag Dx™ Analyzer
Fibrometer
Thromboelastograph
Platelet Function Analyzers
Point-of-Care Analyzers
Review Questions
Key Points
16 Platelet Evaluation
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Platelet Count
Platelet Estimates
Platelet Morphology
Platelet Indices
Mean Platelet Volume
Plateletcrit
Platelet Distribution Width
Platelet Function Tests
Additional Evaluations
Review Questions
Key Points
17 Coagulation Testing
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Buccal Mucosa Bleeding Time
Activated Clotting Time
Whole Blood Clotting Time
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
Prothrombin Time Test
Clot Retraction Test
Fibrinogen Determination
PIVKA
D-Dimer and Fibrin Degradation Products
Von Willebrand Factor
Coagulation Factor Assays
Review Questions
Key Points
18 Disorders of Hemostasis
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Hemostatic Defects
Hereditary Coagulation Disorders
Von Willebrand Disease
Acquired Coagulation Disorders
Thrombocytopenia
Vitamin K Deficiency
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 4 Immunology
19 Basic Principles of Immunity
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Innate Immune System
Adaptive Immune System
Humoral Immune System
Cell-Mediated Immune System
Immunologic Tolerance
Passive Immunity
Immunization
Review Questions
Key Points
20 Common Immunologic Laboratory Tests
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Sample Collection and Handling
Handling Serologic Samples
Tests of Humoral Immunity
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Latex Agglutination
Lateral Flow Immunoassay Rapid Immunomigration and Immunochromatography
Immunology Analyzers
Chemiluminescence
Review Questions
Key Points
21 Blood Groups and Immunity
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Blood Types
Dogs
Cats
Cattle
Sheep and Goats
Horses
Blood Typing
The Tube Method
The Card Agglutination Test
Immunochromatographic Assay
Crossmatching
Review Questions
Key Points
22 Intradermal Testing
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Tests of Cell-Mediated Immunity
Intradermal Tests
Tuberculin Skin Test
Review Questions
Key Points
23 Reference Laboratory Immunoassays
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Coombs Testing
Immunodiffusion
Radioimmunoassay
Fluorescent Antibody Testing
Antibody Titers
Molecular Diagnostics
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Denaturation
Annealing
Extension
Review Questions
Key Points
24 Disorders of the Immune System
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Hypersensitivity
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 5 Urinalysis
25 Anatomy and Physiology of the Urinary System
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Formation of Urine
Ureters
Urinary Bladder
Urethra
Urine Volume Regulation
Review Questions
Key Points
26 Sample Collection and Handling
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Voided or Free-Catch Samples
Bladder Expression
Catheterization
Cystocentesis
Specimen Storage and Handling
Review Questions
Key Points
27 Physical Examination of Urine
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Urine Volume
Color
Clarity/Transparency
Odor
Specific Gravity
Refractometer
Causes of Altered Urine Specific Gravity
Review Questions
Key Points
28 Chemical Evaluation
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
pH
Protein
Protein Determination by Reagent Test Strips
Protein Determination by Sulfosalicylic Acid Turbidity Test
Urine Protein/Creatinine Ratio
Interpretation of Protein in Urine
Glucose
Ketones
Measurement of Urine Ketone Content
Bile Pigments
Blood (Hemoprotein)
Hematuria
Hemoglobinuria
Myoglobinuria
Leukocytes
Urinalysis Analyzers
Review Questions
Key Points
29 Urine Sediment Analysis
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Dry-Mount Urine Cytology
Constituents of Urine Sediment
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Epithelial Cells
Squamous Epithelial Cells
Transitional Epithelial Cells
Renal Epithelial Cells
Casts
Hyaline Casts
Granular Casts
Epithelial Casts
Leukocyte Casts
Erythrocyte Casts
Waxy Casts
Fatty Casts
Crystals
Struvite
Calcium Oxalate
Uric Acid
Amorphous Crystalline Material
Calcium Carbonate
Ammonium Biurate
Sulfonamide
Bilirubin
Leucine
Tyrosine
Cystine
Crystals Associated With Melamine Toxicity
Microorganisms
Parasite Ova and Microfilaria
Miscellaneous Components of Urine
Mucus Threads
Spermatozoa
Fat Droplets
Artifacts
Urolithiasis
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 6 Clinical Chemistry
30 Sample Collection and Handling
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Plasma
Serum
Factors That Influence Results
Hemolysis
Chemical Contamination
Improper Labeling
Improper Sample Handling
Patient Influences
Reference Ranges
Review Questions
Key Points
31 Automated Analyzers
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Photometry
End Point Versus Kinetic Assays
Units of Measurement
Ion-Selective Electrode and Electrochemical Methods
Features and Benefits of Common Chemistry Analyzer Types
Instrument Care and Maintenance
Review Questions
Key Points
32 Protein Assays and Hepatobiliary Function Tests
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Protein Assays
Total Protein
Albumin
Globulins
Albumin/Globulin Ratio
Fibrinogen
Acute-Phase Proteins
Hepatobiliary Assays
Hepatocyte Function Tests
Bilirubin
Bile Acids
Cholesterol
Enzymes Released From Damaged Hepatocytes
Alanine Transaminase
Aspartate Transaminase
Iditol Dehydrogenase (Sorbitol Dehydrogenase)
Glutamate Dehydrogenase
Enzymes Associated With Cholestasis
Alkaline Phosphatase
Gamma Glutamyltransferase
Other Tests of Liver Function
Review Questions
Key Points
33 Kidney Function Tests
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Serum Creatinine
Blood Urea Nitrogen/Creatinine Ratio
Urine Protein/Creatinine Ratio
Uric Acid
Tests of Glomerular Function
Creatinine Clearance Tests
Endogenous Creatinine Clearance
Exogenous Creatinine Clearance
Iohexol Clearance
Single-Injection Inulin Clearance
Water-Deprivation Tests
Vasopressin Response
Fractional Clearance of Electrolytes
Inorganic Phosphorus
Enzymuria
Review Questions
Key Points
34 Pancreatic Function Tests
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Exocrine Pancreas Tests
Amylase
Lipase
Amylase and Lipase in Peritoneal Fluid
Trypsin
Serum Trypsinlike Immunoreactivity
Serum Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity
Endocrine Pancreas Tests
Glucose
Fructosamine
Glycosylated Hemoglobin (Hemoglobin A1C)
β-Hydroxybutyrate
Glucose Tolerance
Insulin Tolerance
Glucagon Tolerance
Insulin/Glucose Ratio
Miscellaneous Tests of Insulin Release
Review Questions
Key Points
35 Electrolytes and Acid–Base Status
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Acid–Base Balance
Bicarbonate Buffer
Potassium Buffer
Protein Buffer
Acidosis and Alkalosis
Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis
Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis
Base Excess
Electrolyte Assays
Sodium
Potassium
Chloride
Bicarbonate
Magnesium
Calcium
Inorganic Phosphorus
Anion Gap
Review Questions
Key Points
36 Miscellaneous Tests
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Creatine Kinase
Troponin and Brain Natriuretic Peptide
Lactate
Lactate Dehydrogenase
Endocrine System Assays
Adrenocortical Function Tests
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Stimulation Test
Dexamethasone Suppression
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone Stimulation
Thyroid Assays
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Response
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone Response
Triiodothyronine Suppression Test
Pituitary Function Tests
Chemical Tests of Gastrointestinal Function
Fecal Occult Blood
Monosaccharide Absorption Tests
d-Xylose Absorption
Serum Folate and Cobalamin
Mucin Clot Test
Toxicology
Toxicologic Specimens
Lead Poisoning
Nitrate or Nitrite Poisoning
Anticoagulant Rodenticides
Chemicals That Denature Hemoglobin
Ethylene Glycol
Drugs of Abuse
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 7 Microbiology
37 Introduction to Microbiology
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Bacterial Cell Morphology
Spores
Bacterial Growth
Fungal Characteristics
Virology
Cell Culture
Immunologic and Molecular Diagnostics Examination
Review Questions
Key Points
38 Equipment and Supplies
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
The In-House Microbiology Laboratory
Laboratory Safety
Equipment and Supplies Needed for the Microbiology Laboratory
Culture Media
Types of Media
Blood Agar
MacConkey Agar and Eosin-Methylene Blue Agar
Chromogenic Agar
Thioglycollate Broth
Urea Tubes
Sulfide-Indole Motility Tubes
Simmons Citrate Tubes
Triple Sugar Iron Agar
Brain–Heart Infusion Broth
Mannitol Salt Agar
Bismuth Sulfite Agar
Mueller-Hinton Agar
Sabouraud Dextrose and Bismuth–Glucose–Glycine–Yeast Media
Combination and Modular Culture Media
Dermatophyte Test Media
Quality Control Cultures
Review Questions
Key Points
39 Sample Collection and Handling
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
General Guidelines
Collection of Viral Specimens
Submission of Samples
Review Questions
Key Points
40 Staining Specimens
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Gram Stain
Procedure
Interpretation
Potassium Hydroxide Test
Ziehl-Neelsen Stain
Giemsa Stain
Specialized Stains
Quality Control
Review Questions
Key Points
41 Culture Techniques
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Inoculation of Culture Media
Streaking Culture Plates
Inoculation of Slants
Incubation of Cultures
Colony Characteristics
Culture of Anaerobes
Review Questions
Key Points
42 Antimicrobial Sensitivity Testing
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Antibiotic Resistance
Antimicrobial Sensitivity Testing
Agar Diffusion Method
Reading the Zones of Inhibition
Interpretation of Zone Sizes
Control Organisms
Limitations of the Test
Minimum Inhibitory Concentration
Limitations of the Test
Colony Count
Review Questions
Key Points
43 Additional Testing
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Motility
Indole Test
Catalase Test
Coagulase Test
Oxidase Activity
Acid Production From Glucose
California Mastitis Test
Immunologic Examination
Review Questions
Key Points
44 Mycology
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Dermatophyte Testing
Fungal Cultures
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 8 Parasitology
45 Nematodes
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Phylum Nematoda
Ascaroidea (Ascarids)
Strongyloidea
Trichostrongyloidea
Rhabditoidea (Strongyloides spp.)
Metastrongyloidea
Trichuroidea (Trichuris spp., Eucoleus spp., and Trichinella spiralis)
Oxyuroidea
Spiruroidea
Dracunculoidea
Dioctophymoidea
Filaroidea
Review Questions
Key Points
46 Cestodes, Trematodes, and Acanthocephalans
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Eucestodes
Eucestodes of Dogs and Cats
Dipylidium Caninum
Canine Taeniid Tapeworms
Multiceps Species
Echinococcus Species
Eucestodes of Ruminants and Horses
Larval Stages
Eucestodes of Small Mammals
Pseudotapeworms
Trematodes
Trematodes of Dogs and Cats
Trematodes of Ruminants
Acanthocephalans (Thorny-Head Worms)
Review Questions
Key Points
47 Protozoa and Rickettsia
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Phylum Sarcomastigophora
Giardia
Trypanosomes
Leishmania
Trichomonads
Histomonas
Entamoeba
Phylum Apicomplexa
Cystoisospora
Toxoplasma
Cryptosporidium
Sarcocystis
Babesia
Cytauxzoon
Hepatozoon
Eimeria
Plasmodium
Phylum Ciliophora
Rickettsial Parasites
Review Questions
Key Points
48 Arthropods
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Order: Siphonaptera (Fleas)
Orders: Mallophaga and Anoplura (Lice)
Order: Diptera (Flies)
Blackflies and Midges
Sandflies and Muscid Flies
Deer Flies and Horseflies
Sheep Keds
Flies That Produce Myiasis
Anopheles, Aedes, and Culex Species (Mosquitoes)
Class: Acarina (Mites and Ticks)
Ticks
Mites
Pentastomids (Tongue Worms)
Phylum: Annelida (Segmented Worms)
Hirudo Medicinalis (Medicinal Leech)
Review Questions
Key Points
49 Sample Collection and Handling
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Collection of Fecal Samples
Small Animal Fecal Samples
Large Animal Fecal Samples
Skin Scraping
Cellophane Tape Preparation
Vacuum Collection
Sample Collection at Necropsy
Collection of Blood Samples
Review Questions
Key Points
50 Diagnostic Techniques
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Evaluation of Fecal Specimens
Direct Smear
Fecal Flotation
Centrifugal Flotation
Fecal Sedimentation
Cellophane Tape Preparation
Baermann Technique
Miscellaneous Fecal Examinations
Staining Procedures
Evaluation of Blood Samples
Direct Drop
Filter Test
Modified Knott’s Test
Immunologic and Molecular Diagnostic Tests
Miscellaneous Parasitologic Evaluations
Review Questions
Key Points
Unit 9 Cytology
51 Sample Collection and Handling
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Swabs
Scrapings
Imprints
Fine-Needle Biopsy
Preparation of the Site for Fine-Needle Biopsy
Selection of Syringe and Needle
Aspiration Procedure
Nonaspirate Procedure (Capillary Technique, Stab Technique)
Tissue Biopsy
Wedge Biopsy
Punch Biopsy
Centesis
Color and Turbidity
Transtracheal/Bronchial Wash
Percutaneous Technique
Orotracheal Technique
Concentration Techniques
Low-Speed Centrifugation
Gravitational Sedimentation
Membrane Filtration
Cytocentrifugation
Review Questions
Key Points
52 Preparation of Cytology Smears
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Smear Preparation
Preparation of Smears From Solid Masses
Compression Preparation
Combination Technique
Starfish Smear
Preparation of Smears From Fluid Samples
Line Smear
Fixing and Staining the Cytology Sample
Romanowsky Stains
New Methylene Blue Stain
Papanicolaou Stains
Staining Problems
Submission of Cytologic Preparations and Samples for Interpretation
Review Questions
Key Points
53 Microscopic Evaluation
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Inflammation
Neoplasia
Review Questions
Key Points
54 Cytology of Specific Sites
Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Terms
Peritoneal and Pleural Fluid
Color, Turbidity, and Odor
Total Nucleated Cell Count
Cellular Elements
Lymph Nodes
Reactive Lymph Nodes
Malignant Neoplasia
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Aqueous and Vitreous Humor
Synovial Fluid Analysis
Color and Turbidity
Viscosity
Tracheal Wash
Nasal Flush
Ear Swabs
Vaginal Cytology
Cell Types Seen on Vaginal Cytology Sample Preparations
Anestrus
Proestrus
Estrus
Metestrus
Vaginitis and Metritis
Fecal Cytology
Semen Evaluation
Volume of Ejaculate
Gross Appearance of Ejaculate
Sperm Motility
Wave Motion
Motility
Sperm Concentration
Live-to-Dead Sperm Ratio
Sperm Morphology
Other Cells in Semen
Evaluation of Prostatic Secretions
Examination of Milk
Review Questions
Key Points
Appendix A Review Questions
Unit One Review Questions
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Unit Two Review Questions
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Unit Three Review Questions
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Answers
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Appendix B Reference Ranges
Appendix C Bacterial Pathogens of Veterinary Importance
Appendix D Professional Associations Related to Veterinary Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics
Appendix E Common Parasites of Some Exotic Animal Species
Parasites of Birds
Nematodes
Trematodes
Protozoans
Arthropods
Annelids
Parasites of Rabbits
Nematodes
Protozoans
Arthropods
Parasites of Guinea Pigs
Nematodes
Protozoans
Arthropods
Parasites of Rats
Nematodes
Cestodes
Protozoans
Arthropods
Parasites of Mice
Nematodes
Cestodes
Protozoans
Arthropods
Parasites of Hamsters
Nematodes
Cestodes
Protozoans
Arthropods
Parasites of Gerbils
Nematodes
Cestodes
Arthropods
Parasites of Fish
Protozoans
Parasites of Reptiles
Pentastomes
Appendix F Example of a Standard Protocol for Reporting Results of a Urinalysis Laboratory Report
Appendix G Taxonomic Classification of Parasites
Kingdom: Animalia (Animals)
Appendix H Zoonotic Internal Parasites
Glossary
Resources
Unit 1
Internet Resources
Unit 2
Internet Resources
Unit 3
Internet Resources
Unit 4
Internet Resources
Unit 5
Internet Resources
Unit 6
Internet Resources
Unit 7
Internet Resources
Unit 8
Internet Resources
Unit 9
Internet Resources
Index

Product information

Publisher ‏ : ‎ Mosby; 7th edition (March 15, 2020)
Language ‏ : ‎ English
Paperback ‏ : ‎ 433 pages
ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0323595383
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0323595384

True PDF | 52.58 MB

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